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Thursday, August 20, 2020

The Jomon Period

Jamon Period, Clay statue
Original image by- Rc 13 (License:Creative CommonsAttribution-Share Alike 4.0 International)

The Jomon time frame is the soonest recorded time in Japanese history that started around 14500 BCE, going back to the Neolithic time frame in Europe and Asia, and finished around 300 BCE when the Yayoi time frame started.
Joma implies that 'cod marked' or 'patterned', which is originates from the style of earthenware made during that time. Although the entire period is called joman, the different phases can be identified based on the style and use of pottery.

Early Settlements

Those known today were formerly known as Japan, which arrived at the end of the last glacial period, or ice age, most likely following animal herds on land bridges built during the Ice Age. Huh. When the climate warmed and the land bridges disappeared, the Joman people soon found themselves on an island. After the animal herds were cut off from their home, the Jomon people used hunting and gathering to meet their needs. Their diet includes bears, pigs, fish, shellfish, yams, wild grapes, walnuts, chestnuts and acorns. Evidence of their diet was found inside middens, domestic waste disposal piles, and shell mounds that were found near villages.
Starting around 5000 BCE, Joman developed a more sedentary lifestyle settling in the villages; The largest one at the time was around 100 acres (c. 0.4 km²) and about 500 people. Villages near the sea may have relied heavily on fishing, while further settlements mainly adopted the hunting lifestyle. In many villages, which are considered ceremonial stone platforms and storage pits have been found. The initial simple shelters of the villages would soon develop into a pithouge built around a central chimney, with a structure supported by pillars, which each housed about five people. Sovereign people will settle in different regions depending on the changing climate; The colder period requires proximity to the sea, as large mounds of shellers and fish bones suggest that the settlement pattern to take advantage of leguminous fruits and organisms further inland than in warmer climates. Shift shows.

With the change in habitat, the total population underwent significant fluctuations: the population would increase from 20,000 to 100,000 by 5000 BCE, only to move from 3000 BCE to 200,000 before falling to 100,000 by the end of the period. Although the life of the Joman people was somewhat sedentary, the agricultural revolution only coincided with the beginning of rice farming near the end of the Joman period. It was around 900 BCE when rice with advanced metal technology was brought to Japan in South Korea which is today Korea.

Technology

For the most part, the Joman technique involves basic stone and wood tools such as knives and axes as well as bows and arrows, similar to the Neolithic technique used in the rest of Europe and Asia. Along with the stone tools, various traps and traps also assisted the Jomon people in hunting. Clothes were made from the bark of the mulberry tree, held together using bone needles, and Joman was also found weaving wicker baskets. Since the Jomon people settled near the sea at certain times, fishing techniques such as harpoons and hooks were developed along with the technology to use them. Unlike the rest of Europe and Asia, agriculture was not practiced until much later, until the Yayoi period, so no tools for large-scale farming have been found. However, there is evidence of small scale gardening or horticulture.

Ritual and belief

Jomans have been found to bury infants in large swing, adults within pits and shell dunes near villages, and ceremonies and other ornaments are placed in tombs from the mid to late Joman period. The clay Dogu statues were erected at the feet of Joman, which began some time ago, and were started as flat images ranging in size from 3 to 30 centimeters. The statues became more widespread and numerous by the Middle Zone phase, and by the late Joman phase, the statues acquired three-dimensional features. Many such figures portray pregnant women in the hope of increasing fertility or they portray regular people who were sometimes broken in the belief that any misfortune or disease would pass through the statue and the survivor would miss it is. A common practice for men entering puberty would be ritual teeth for unknown reasons. In northern Japan, several stone circles have been found around villages around the Joman period, the purpose of which is not known but has been proven to be an abundance of hunting or fishing.

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