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Tuesday, July 7, 2020

Herodotus: Greek Historians


Herodotus (in greek: Ηρόδοτος ) (c. 484 - 425 BCE) was a Greek writer who referred to the field of present-day history as 'history'. He was called 'The Father of History' by the Roman writer and called Cicero for his famous work The History, but also called "The Father of Lies" by critics who claim that these 'history' are long stories are very few.

While it is true that Herodotus sometimes exaggerates for misinformation or influence, his accounts have consistently been found to be more or less reliable. Initial criticism of his work has since been refuted by archaeological evidence that proves that his most frequently criticized claims were, in fact, correct or at least, based on accepted information of the time. At the present time, Herodotus is recognized as the father of history and is a reliable source of information on the ancient world by the majority of historians.

Work and Histories

While it is undisputed that Herodotus makes some mistakes in his work, his histories are generally reliable and scholarly studies in all subjects related to his work (from archeology to anthropology and more), continuing his all-important commentary by Herodotus himself. Identifies in the prologue Halicarnassus as a native to his work (Asia Minor, on the southwestern coast of modern Turkey) and is accepted as his birthplace, even though Aristotle and Suda claim that He was a native of Thuri (a Greek colony in the area) modern day Italy). This disparity is commonly comprehended as a slip-up made in an old source (potentially an translation of Herodotus' work) as Herodotus may have lived in Thuri yet was certainly not born there.
He travelled generally in Egypt, Africa, and Asia Minor and composed his experiences and analyses that followed later ages of significant verifiable occasions, (for example, the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC and the thermopylae and salute in 480 BC) ) Confers with) everyday life in Greece, in Egypt, in Asia Minor, and on the various "wonders" he saw in his travels. His description of the city of Babylon among these wonders is an example of why his work has often been criticized. Archeological proof, just as other antiquated subtleties, unmistakably demonstrate that Babylon was not as extensive as Herodotus portrays and was not even close to the 100 doors (it was just eight). It is thus determined that this account was based on the horse rather than the personal visit, even though Herodotus writes as if he himself had visited the site. As he received much admiration for Homer's works (he based his system of history as Homer) on his passage on Babylon, he is believed to be emulating the Egyptian writer's account of the first author Were. Pensant for the story, and for his obvious talent. It has worried and troubled critics since ancient times, but it is also very virtuous in history which has greatly appreciated this work. Herodotus can carry a peruser into the occasions of the stories he makes by making striking scenes with fascinating characters and here and there even dialogues.

He was hardly an impartial observer of the world about whom he wrote and often gives personal opinions on various people, customs and events. While her admiration for Homer is always evident, she freely questioned the historical truth of the Iliad, asking why Achanes would undertake such a long and costly campaign on behalf of a woman as the Trojan War. This is one of the many examples of Herodotus' personality, which displays the personality of Herodotus, who, in fact, appears quite frequently in the pages of his works. A reader understands that a person is hearing with certain tastes and interests and that the author believes that what he has to say is important enough to require clarification, merit, or apology for the perceived ineptitude; If Herodotus feels something like this, he will include it and he will never care if the readers find something wrong with it.

Death of Herodotus

After traveling the world of his time, Herodotus came to live in the Greek colony of Thuri, where he edited and revised history later in life. He had also lived in Athens and at some point, it seems that he had returned there. Scholars consider the possibility that he died in Athens of the same plague that killed the Athenian statesman Perix (l. 495–438 B.C.E.) sometime between 425 and 413 BCE.

His fame was so high that several different cities (Athens and Thuri among them) claimed to be the site of his funeral and tombs and monuments were erected in his honor. The enduring importance of his work is still appreciated by millions of people today and, as he said, he is considered the primary source for reliable information about the ancient world and has written about them.

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