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Monday, July 6, 2020

Ancient City Thera

Credit-Nobert Nagel (License: Public Domain (Original image))
Thera is the ancient name for the island of Santorini in the Greek Cyclades and the name of the volcano that famously erupted on the island in the Middle Bronze Age and covered Akrotiri, the most important settlement in Pamais and volcanic ash, leading to complete conservation. Bronze Age city.

The earliest evidence of settlement on the island of Akrotiri (named after a nearby modern village) dates back to the mid-fifth millennium BCE when a small fishing and farming community established itself in a coastal province. The presence of rock-cut burial chambers, pottery and stone vases and sculptures up to the third millennium BCE suggests a period of significant development. The marble used for these vessels likely came from the islands near Paros and Naxos, and suggests the presence of an inter-island trade of theran pumice stone (used as a polished abrasive). At this time perhaps wood and food items were also exchanged, not only throughout the Cyclades but also with the Greek mainland and Crete. Large amphorae and black / brown burnt pots (Kastri style) suggest that healthy Aegean trade relations existed. Being strategically well positioned on the copper trade route between Cyprus and Minoan Crete, Akrotiri also became an important center for metalworking, as revealed by molds and crucibles.

Rise of Thera and Destruction

2000 to 1650 BC Akrotiri became more urbanized with paved roads and extensive drainage systems. Quality pottery was produced and decorated with lines, plants and animals. Metallurgical and other crafts (especially those related to marine industries) became more specialized. There is also evidence of repair and reconstruction projects following earthquake destruction in this period.

Akrotiri's prosperity came to an abrupt end by a huge and catastrophic eruption of the island's volcano. Before earthquakes of 7 magnitude on the Richter scale that destroyed the city and caused 9 meter high tide waves, the eruption occurred just a few days later and released an estimated 15 billion tons of magma into the atmosphere, making it the largest volcano . Explosion of the last 10,000 years. The entire island was buried in a thick layer of ash, Trianda was destroyed on the Rhodes, the covered 7 cm of ash in northern Crete, Anatolia suffered from falling ash and even the ice-core in Greenland Explosions display far-reaching effects. The exact date of the event is debated among scholars with very different hypotheses to support different hypotheses for the destruction of other events such as the Minoan palaces in the Aegean or the Mycenaean imperialist ambitions. Strictly defends. The most commonly agreed dates are somewhere between 1650 and 1550 BCE (with ice-core and carbon-dating studies suggesting earlier dates). After the Tera eruption, the town of Akrotiri was completely covered in volcanic ash and thus very well preserved; For example, through negative casting it has been possible to identify perishable items such as wooden furniture, usually stools and beds. However, unlike Pompeii, where life seems to have been frozen by the devastating eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, there were no casualties at the site in Akrotiri and there is evidence of some attempts to clear the debris which suggests that a short in the midst of the earthquake There was a gap. And the explosion and many residents had left the city before the last holocaust. The site remained hidden from sight until systematic excavations from 1967 CE. The planned city has square and wide roads. The buildings were of two or three stories, with a flat roof supported by a wooden central column. Architectural features with them in the Minoan civilization include a large hall, lustral basin, ashlar masonry, console horns and occasional lightwells.

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