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Monday, June 15, 2020

Some famous Scientist of Ancient Greek



Aristotle: Greek Philosopher

Aristotle
By-Jastrow (License: Public Domain (Original image))

Aristotle of Stagira (l. 384–322 BCE) was a Greek philosopher who conducted systematic, scientific tests in every field of human knowledge and, in his time, "the man who knew everything" and later simply "the" Was known as Philosophers ", no more qualifications were needed as his fame. He literally invented the concept of metaphysics alone, when he (or one of his authors) wrote his book on abstract philosophical speculation on physics. Was placed in the book (metaphysics literally means "after physics") and standardized in learning - how information is collected, assimilated and interpreted, and then communicated - across multiple disciplines.
During the later Middle Ages (c. 1300–1500 CE), he was referred to as "The Master", most notably in Dante's Inferno where the author was required to identify Aristotle by name Was not required. This is especially suitable in the appellation Aristotle composed, and considered an ace in subjects as assorted as biology, politics, metaphysics, agriculture, literature, botany, medicine, mathematics, physics, ethics, logic and theater. used to go. He is traditionally associated with Socrates and Plato, led by the three greatest Greek philosophers.

Thales of Miletas: Greek Mathematician

Thales of Miletas
By-Fæ (License: Public Domain (Original image))

Traditionally regarded as the first Western philosopher and mathematician, there was the Thales of Miletas (a Greek colony on the west coast of present-day Turkey) in 585 BCE. He accurately predicted a solar eclipse of May 28, 585 BCE and was known as a skilled astronomer, geometer, statesman, and sage. This was the first question, said Thales, "what is the original 'stuff of the universe" and, according to Aristotle, the first reason was the claim of water, because among other characteristics, water can change shape and move forward. While still remaining unchanged in substance. There is no known writing by Thales and all that is known about his life and work is what we have written about him by others.
It appears that there was no subject that was not of interest to Thales, but according to Aristotle (in his metaphysics) he was primarily concerned with the first cause - from which all else came - and declared it water. Some scholars have claimed that Thales derived this concept from the ancient Greek paradigm of the universe in which, initially, all were chaotic as chaotic water, while others have claimed that Thales studied the concept while studying in Babylon Learned. According to Aristotle and other writers of antiquity, Thales was regarded as an original thinker and his `water theory 'does not have a close connection with Greek mythology nor with any Babylonian texts that came down to us Huh. While Thales claims, as does the Greek myth, that the Earth rests on water, Thales's theory rejects any supernatural reasons for this existence. For Thales, there were practical, proven, logical reasons why things happened and the gods had nothing to do with observable events.

Hippocrates: Greek Physician

Hippocrates
By-Rmrfstar (License: Public Domain (Original image))

The information about Hippocrates is patchy and unreliable. He was probably born c. Details of his life were speculated in 460 BC, but also in ancient times. One of the oldest sources, the life of Hippocrates is credited to Sorenus of Ephesus, who was himself a physician, who lived in the 1st and 2nd centuries CE. The method of quoting the already lost quotations of Sorenus has been an invaluable source of information on ancient medicine. He said that Hippocrates knew many 5th-century attendants, notably Gorgias of Leotini, and was taught medicine by a gymnastic trainer, both by his father and Herodicus of Slimbria. We also know that Hippocrates founded and ran a school of medicine on Kos.
Hippocrates was born on the Greek island of Kos in the 5th century BC and became the most famous physician in ancient times. He established a medical school on the island, wrote several treatises on medical matters, and through his systematic and empirical investigation of diseases and treatments, credited himself with being the founder of modern medicine.
Plato mentions Hippocrates in his Protagoras, suggesting that he worked for Lace and believed that the body should be considered as a whole (Federation). Roman scholar and medical writer Cornelius Salus claims that Hippocrates was a medicine different from earlier philosophy, and other ancient sources also suggest that Hippocrates believed the importance of diet and exercise for a healthy body. Sorenus informs us that Hippocrates traveled throughout his life, & c. Larissa died in. 370 BC In antiquity, many legends originated due to the great talents of Hippocrates, but most of them are possible pure inventions. He allegedly discovers that King Peridicas II of Macedon's health problems were down to loveliness, he put an end to the plague by burning fires everywhere in Athens in 430 BCE, and he treated the philosopher Democritus whom everyone thought mad (not without some justification). Hippocrates had three sons who carried out his work - Thessalus, Dracon and Polybus.

Archimedes: Greek Mathematician

Archimedes
By-Meidosensei (License: Public Domain (Original image))

Archimedes (287–212 BCE) was a Greek mathematician and mechanical engineer, a pioneer in both fields, several centuries ahead of his contemporaries. Today he is best known for formulating the theory of Archimedes, also known as Bua's law, but he observed many other laws of physics and recorded his observations as mathematical theorems.
Archimedes' success in applying his mathematical knowledge to war weapons played a large role during the war between Rome and Syracuse during World War II. The development of this conflict can be traced back to around 290 BCE after Rome became the new ruler of Italy and conquered Greek cities on the Italian coast. In 270 BCE Hireo II (308–215 BCE) became king of Syracuse, located on the island of Sicily, and the city enjoyed a final period of prosperity. In Sicily, the Romans and Carthageans were brought face to face and in 264 BC, the first Punic War began. The Carthaginians were masters of the sea, so the Romans relied on the help of the Greek cities in the south to build their ships and so they were able to fight the Carthageans at sea. In 241 BC Rome defeated Carthage and took over Sicily. During his reign, Hieron II stayed on peaceful terms with the Romans and when Rome occupied Sicily after the First Punic War, Syracuse remained independent.
Their works can be classified into three groups:
  1. Works which that demonstrate theorems related with solids and spheres surrounded with the curves and surfaces.
  2. Works that analyze problems in statistical and hydrostatics from a geometric point of view.
  3. Various works, including some that emphasize counting, such as sand reckoners. 
218 BC Second Punic War began; This was the second major war between Carthage and Rome. In 215 BCE, Hireo II died and his successor Hiremonus made a very poor decision by switching sides and supporting Carthage: he felt that Rome would lose the war. The Romans were not happy with this decision, and they made it clear by circulating the city of Syracuse from 214 to 212 BC. In the end, the Romans entered the city, killed and enslaved its citizens and sacked it. During the time of Archimedes, the center of Greek culture was Alexandria, the largest center of scholarship at this time. Here Archimedes, the son of an astronomer named Phidias, received excellent training in many subjects, including mathematics under the successors of Euclid. Archimedes' devotion to mathematics has been compared to Newton's; The two often neglected food, drink and even basic care of their bodies to continue studying mathematics.

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