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Monday, June 22, 2020

Kofun period (c. 250 CE - 538 CE)


Japan's Yaoi period when farming and metalworking techniques were introduced from mainland Asia was the Kofun period (c. 250 CE - 538 CE), where Shinto's religion emerges from the beliefs of past eras and the Yamato clan came to power and eventually become royal Family. The period is named after the style of burial mound used during this period. This period is marked by the use of burial mounds for the aristocracy, which vary in size and shape from several hundred meters long keyhole to several meters long round or square mounds. Early tombs were simple, they were buried only in the mound of the mound or inside a stone chamber, but later burials also housed items buried in the tomb, such as weapons, trinkets, or other personal positions . The most powerful people had thousands of pieces inside separate mounds built specifically for that purpose. Some of the early burial mounds were built from natural hills, but from 400 AD onwards more and more mounds were built by building a mound on flat land and featuring a mound. In the late Kofun period, burial mounds were smaller and more widely used by lower-level people, with clusters of 15-m mound cemeteries. The earliest cofun were found in modern-day provinces of Kyoto, Nara, and Osaka in central Honshu. These tombs date from the early 4th century CE, but they later spread to the northern and eastern regions of Kyushu and Honshu in the south in the late 4th century. Burial mounds show different characteristics depending on both position and area.

Pottery in Kofun period

One of the most influential developments in the Kofun period utensils was the presence of Haniva, funeral statues, which featured decorated horses, fully armed warriors, well-dressed nobles, peasants and dancers. These idols were placed inside the burial mounds and tombs as offerings.
Pottery used for everyday use was produced in the Sookie style, a vast improvement over previous styles used in yayoi and jomon periods, as they were built on a potter's wheel. Modern clay pots are fired at the same temperature as the kilns were made of blue-green clay, and fired in a temperature of about 1,000 to 1,200 Celsius.

Technology in Kofun period

The technology used during this period is, for the most part, similar to the technology used in the preceding period, although it is from this time that the technology becomes more sophisticated. Rice trees began to be built at higher elevations, irrigation systems became more complex, and iron works became more extensive and complex. Iron eventually replaced bronze as the metal of choice for equipment and weapons because the tin required for bronze was already hard and even more scarce by that period. On the other hand, iron was plentiful and would eventually become the very strong steel used in later times.

Origin to Yamato

There will be conflict with each other over power before Yamato comes to power. They will form alliances as they become rivals, using a variety of tactics to achieve their goals, but no clan or group of factions will achieve the same power. During the 5th century AD, a family of clans would grow to dominate the Japanese islands of Honshu and Kyushu. The original seats of power for this clan were the modern-day prefectures of Kyoto, Nara, and Osaka. Each clan was manned by a large man, who performed ceremonies to honor and please the Kami and ensure the well-being of the clan and their continued dominance. The members of the clan belonged to the aristocracy, which would rise at the end of the period and the beginning of the royal family.
It was through alliances with other clans, tribes, and unions, the expanded use of iron and the ability to effectively marshal its people that the Yamato were an effective military power. Although, Yamato was known for military supremacy during that time, they tried to avoid war if they could and instead made alliances with other clans, so that they offered a place in the political system Or when he failed, he resorted to intimidation and coercion. Agreement among other factions. The major clans that supported the Yamato, such as Soga, Mononobe, Nakatomi, Kasuga, Ki, Ottomo, and Haji, were called Uji and were given rank or title according to their kinship or level of service. Beneath the Uji were groups that were business groups, which included papermakers, scribes and blacksmiths, among other practitioners. Uji was involved and had few immigrants from China and Korea who had skills in desirable occupations such as metal or papermaking. At the bottom was the slave group, whose members were either prisoners of war or who were born in that position.

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