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Monday, June 1, 2020

History of Greece

Greece is a country in southeastern Europe, known as Hellas or Ellada in Greek, and consists of an archipelago of mainland and islands. The geography of Greece extraordinarily influenced the way of culture which had scarcely natural assets and encircled by water, individuals inevitably took to the ocean for their work. The mountains cover 80 percent of Greece and only small rivers run through a rocky landscape, which, for the most part, offers little incentive for agriculture. As a result, the early ancient Greeks colonized neighboring islands and established settlements along the coast of Anatolia (also known as Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey). The Greeks became very skilled mariners and shippers, who had a bounty of crude materials for development in stone, and extraordinary aptitude, assembled probably the most powerful structures in days of yore.
Many of the famous persons are come from Ancient Greece, it is the birthplace of Western philosophers (Socrates, Plato and Aristotle), literature (Homer and Hesiod), mathematicians (Pythagoras and Euclid), historians (Herodotus), dramatist (Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes), Olympic sports, and democracy. The concept of an atomic universe was first introduced in Greece through the work of Democritus and Louispas. The process of today's scientific method was first started through the work of Thales of Miltus and the ones who came after it. The Latin letters in order likewise originates from Ancient Greece, was acquainted with the area during the Phoenician province in the eighth century BC, and early works in physics and engineering were pioneered by others, as well as by Archimedes of the Greek colony of Syracuse.
Mainland Greece is a large peninsula bounded on three sides by the Mediterranean Sea (located in the Ionian Sea on the west and the Aegean Sea on the east) including Cyclades and Dodecanese (including Rhodes), the Ionian Islands. The island (including Corseira), the isle of Crete, and the southern peninsula known as the Peloponnese.

History of Ancient Greece

History of Ancient Greek is most easily understood when we dividing it over a period of time. Petrolithic era evidence find at Petralona and Franchthi caves (two of the oldest human settlements in the world) found that the area was pre-arranged, and agriculture began during the Paleolithic era. The Neolithic Age (c. 6000 - c. 2900 BCE) is characterized by permanent settlements (mainly in northern Greece), domination of animals, and further development of agriculture. Archaeological migrations from Anatolia in northern Greece (Thessaly, Macedonia and Sesklo, among others) suggest that ceramic cups and bowls and the figures found there share the distinct properties of Neolithic in Anatholia. These inland dwellers were mainly farmers, as northern Greece was more suited to agriculture than elsewhere in the region, and lived in one-room stone houses with roofs of wood and mud dubbing.
The Cycladic civilization (c. 3200–1100 BCE) provides the earliest evidence of pods flourishing in the islands of the Aegean Sea (including Delos, Naxos, and Paros) and daily human habitation in that region. During the Cycladic period, houses and temples were built of finished stone and people made their living through fishing and trade. This period is usually divided into three stages: Early Cycladic, Middle Cycladic and Late Cycladic with a steady development in art and architecture. The latter two phases overlap and eventually merge with the Minoan civilization, and the differences between periods become inseparable.
The Minoan civilization (2700–1500 BCE) developed on the island of Crete, and rapidly became the dominant maritime power in the region. The term 'Minoan' was coined by archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans, who exposed the Minoan palace of Knossos in 1900 AD and named the culture for the ancient Cretan king Minos. The name by which people knew themselves is not known. The Minoan civilization was thriving, as has been accepted by the Cycladic civilization, long before modern dates that marked its existence and probably before 6000 BCE.
The Minoans developed a writing system, known as Linear A (which has not yet been dissected) and progressed in shipbuilding, construction, ceramics, art and science, and war. Lord Minos was credited by Ancient historians (Thucydides among them) as the first to build up a naval force with which he colonized, or vanquished, the Cyclades. Archaeological and geological evidence on Crete suggests that this civilization collapsed due to deforestation due to an excess of land, although, traditionally, it is accepted that they had been conquered by the Mycenaeans. The eruption of a volcano on the island near Tera (modern-day Santorini) between 1650 and 1550 BCE and the resulting tsunami is accepted as the final cause of the collapse of the Minoans. The island of Crete was swept away and cities and villages were destroyed. This phenomenon has often been cited as Plato's inspiration to make it into Plato's own mythological critiques and dialogues of Critias and Timeaus.

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