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Saturday, May 30, 2020

Mayans Calendar


The ancient Mayan civilization was invented a calendar, among his other achievements. This calendar have a remarkable accuracy and complexity. They have many of the achievements like the ancient Mayan pyramid Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico. The pyramid of Kukulkan in Chichen Itza, built in late about 1050, was built during the end of May, when Toltecs from Tula became politically powerful. The pyramid was used as a calendar: four staircases, each with 91 steps and a platform at the top, 365 in total, which is equal to the number of days in a calendar year.

The Mayan Calendar was also adopted by some other Mesoamerican nations, for example, the Aztec and Toltec, which unsalted the calendar's mechanics however they changed the names of the days and months of the week. The Mayan calendar utilizes three distinctive dating frameworks in parallel, the Long Count, the Tzolkin (divine calendar), and the Haab (civil schedule). Of these, only Haab is directly related to the length of the year.

The Tzolkin calendar system

The Tzolkin or sacred Calendar consisted of 20 periods each with 13 days to count 260 days. Each day had a number and a name, numbers 1 to 13 and 20 day names. When the 13 numbers ran out, they resumed, and the 20-day names continued. When the days had gone through the names, they repeated, and the number continued to 13.. The cycles of 13 and 20 were repeated until they returned to the first number, the first name again in 260 days. The priests who kept the calendar used Tzolkin to determine the days for sowing and harvest, military conquests, religious ceremonies, and divination.
The Haab calendar system
The solar calendar or Haab has 365 days made up of 20 days every 18 months, adding up to 360 days. The remaining five days at the end of the year are an inauspicious, dangerous time known as the web. Mayans are stayed in the house during this time to avoid disaster and neglected all activities. In the Haab calendar, the day is represented by a number in the month, then the name of the month. 19 months were names, plus web for the dreaded five-day month, 20 months names.

The Long Count calendar system

For long-term tracking, Mayans used the Long Count calendar. The Long Count counts all the days of the beginning, which Mayans marked as August 11, 3114 BC. The long count calendar is cyclical because each period of time will resume, but is also linear. Because it is linear, it can take into account dates in the future or in the past. The basic unit of this calendar is a 360 day one year, five day basic hob year without a web. Long count dates are expressed in five digits. The five digits indicates that; a kin (day), uinal (month), tun (year), katun (20 years) and baktun (20 katuns).

Date of Mayans

Most Mayan dates note both the Tzolkin and Haab calendars. For example, a day might be marked as 2 Chik'chan 5 pop, while 2 Chik'chan would be dated in the Tzolkin calendar and 5 pop in Haab, which is the 5th day of the month. The next day will be 3 km 6 pop. When Mayans inscribed a date on a stella, however, he also included the five digits of the Long Count calendar.

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