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Saturday, May 9, 2020

History of Mesopotamia Civilization


There many of the civilization are available in Ancient world. These civilizations are very mysterious. In which most of the civilization are got lost. But this civilization's evidence are found many of the places. One of them was Mesopotamia Civilization. Mesopotamia civilization is ancient than Ancient Egypt, Mayan civilization, Roman civilization etc.

Ancient Mesopotamia 

By-Goran tek-en (License: Public Domain (Original image))

Mesopotamia is generally made up of two words i.e Meso and Potamia. Meso means that between and Potamia means that river. Which means the area of two rivers is called Mesopotamia. It is a historical region of Western Asia which is situated at the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in the northern piece of the Fertile Crescent, in present day corresponding to the vast majority of Iraq, Kuwait, the eastern pieces of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and areas along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
Ancient cultures associated with Mesopotamia such as Sumerian, Assyrian, Akkadian, and Babylonian are. Learning about this time period can be a bit confusing as these cultures interacted and ruled with each other over the course of several thousand years. These words can also be associated with city-states, languages, religions or empires - depending on the time and context we are looking at.

Born of Mesopotamia Civilization


Mesopotamia Civilization was born between two rivers. Near this rivers Sumeria, Assyria and between of
them Babylonia civilizations are developed. It is said that the combination of these three civilizations gives birth to Mesopotamia Civilization.
Around before 6000 to 8000 years ago, agriculture was very well  in many areas, including ancient Egypt, around the Nile River, Indus Valley Civilization, Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and ancient China beside the Yellow and Yangtze rivers. The reason for this is that regular river flooding created for fertile soil around rivers and rivers can also supply fresh water for irrigation. It is no coincidence that as agriculture allowed for dense and dense populations with more specialized societies, some of the world's first civilizations also developed in these areas.
Sumerians and Akkadians (including the Assyrians and Babylonian) dominated Mesopotamia from the beginning of written history (c. 3100 BCE) until the fall of Babylon in 539 BCE, when it was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire.   It tumbled to Alexander the Great in 332 BC, and after his death, it turned out to be a piece of the Greek Seleucid Empire



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