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Tuesday, May 12, 2020

History of Maya Civilization


The Mayans are an indigenous people from Mexico and Central America, who have persistently occupied terrains in Mexico through current Yucatan, Quintana Roe, Campeche, Tabasaco, and Chiapas and Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Honduras. Padmavati comes from the ancient Yucatan city of Maya, which was the last capital of the Mayan Empire in the Post-Classic period. Maya people refer to themselves from the bonds of ethnicity and language, such as Quiche in the south or Yucatec in the north (although there are many others).The 'Mysterious Maya' has intrigued the world since its 'discovery' by John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherine in 1840, but in fact, when understood, a lot of culture is not mysterious. As opposed to well known creative mind, the Maya didn't vanish and relatives of the individuals that constructed the great urban communities of Chichen Itza, Bonampak, Uxmal and Altun Ha despite everything exist on the same land where their ancestors practiced and continued, ever. - Sometimes in modified form. , The same ritual that would be recognized by the natives of the land a thousand years ago.

Origin of Maya Civilization


While hunters and gatherers had a presence in Central America thousands of years ago, it was during the pre-Classic period (1800 BCE to 250 BCE) that archaeologists said that the permanent village life had indeed ceased, causing Early Mayan cities were built.
In fact, effective farming, in the sense that densely inhabited villages were to be found throughout the Maya region, was a novelty of the bygone era, "Professor Michael Coe of Yale University in his book" The Maya "(Thames and Hudson, 2011 wrote. ).

Michael Coe stated that cultivation became more effective during this period, possibly due to the breeding of more productive forms of maize and, perhaps more importantly, the "nixtamal" process. In this process, corn is soaked in lime, or something similar, and cooked, something that "significantly increases the nutritional value of corn," Michael Coe writes. A 2014 archeological study shows the corn supplement squash, bean, chili pepper and manioc (or cassava), which was already in use by the Maya.

During this time, the Maya were influenced by a civilization, west of which they were known as the Olmecs. These people may have initially prepared a long-term calendar to be famous for Maya, Coe writes. In addition, the date of the discovery of a formal site dates back to 1000 BC. The relationship between the Maya and the Olmec at the site of Ceibal sheds more light, suggesting that it was a complex one.

Archaeologists have found that early Mayan cities can be carefully planned. Nixon-Chich in Petén, Guatemala had grid systems, pyramids, temples and other structures built with signs of urban planning. It dates back to 600 BC And 300 BC.

Mayans are very developed on this time



Michael Coe writes that the ancient Maya A.D. Between 250 and 900 reached a peak, a time when archaeologists called the "classic" period when many Mayan cities thrived throughout Central America.

Michael Coe writes, "Civilization" reached intellectual and artistic heights, something no one else in the New World could match in Europe."The huge populace, a prosperous economy, and far reaching exchange were normal of the exemplary ..." he stated, taking note of that war was additionally very normal.

The Mayan civilization was influenced by the city of Teotihuacan, located far to the west. One of his initial rulers, named Siaz Kak, who presumably originated from Tikal, as indicated by an inscription, Sept 13, A.D. Ascended the throne at 379. He is delineated wearing quills and shells and highlights related with an atlat (spear hurler), Teotihuacan, an analyst in his book "Tickle: An Illustrated History of the Mayan Capital" (Hippokran Books, 2001) Wrote to John Montgomery. Recently a discovery was made at Al Achiotal, a place near Tikal, also supporting the idea that Tiotihuacan controlled or heavily influenced Tikal for a time.
Many cities found all over the Maya world each had their own unique wonders that made them unique. Tikal, for example, is known for its pyramid building. At least A.D. Beginning as 672, the leader of the city would manufacture a twin pyramid complex toward the finish of each K'atun (20-year time frame). Each of these pyramids will be flat-topped, adjacent to each other, with a step on each side. Between the pyramids was a plaza with structures placed on the north and south sides.

Koppan, the city of Maya, in modern-day Honduras, is noted for "the temple of Hieroglyph Stafford". It is a pyramid-like structure with more than 2,000 glyphs embellished on a 63-step flight, the longest ancient Maya inscription that exists and tells the history of the city's rulers.

The site of Palenque, another famous Mayan city, is known for its soft limestone sculpture and incredible burial of "Pakal", a king, deep inside a pyramid. When Pakal died at the age of about 80, he was buried in a jade-filled tomb with five or six human sacrifices (including a jade funerary mask). His satire reflects the rebirth of the king and the depiction of his ancestors as plants. Archaeologist David Stuart in an online National Geographic lecture said the mausoleum was rediscovered in 1952 and is "the American equivalent if there is one for the King's Tomb."

Not all Maya settlements were controlled by a king or aristocratic member of society. In Serene, a Mayan village in El Salvador that was buried 1,400 years ago by a volcanic eruption, archaeologists found that there was no oligarchy under control and that the village appears to have been managed communally, perhaps by local elders by.




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