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Saturday, May 23, 2020

History of Egypt and their Gods


The Early period in Egypt (c. 3150 - c. 2613 BCE) saw the unification of the northern and southern kingdoms under the upper Egyptian king Menes (also known as the Meni or Manes) of upper Egypt who conquered in Lower Egypt in c. 3118 BCE or c. 3150 BC This adaptation of early history comes from the Aegyptica (History of Egypt) by the ancient historian Manetho who lived in the third century BCE under the Ptolemaic dynasty (323–30 BCE). Although their chronology has been disputed by later historians, it is regularly consulted on the dynastic succession and early history of ancient Egypt.
Manetho's work is the main source that refers to Manes and Victory, and it is currently believed that the man alluded to by Manetho as 'Menes' was King Narmer who peacefully joined Upper and Lower Egypt under one guideline. The identification of men with Narmer is far from universally accepted, however, and Menes is credibly linked as King Hor-aha (c. 3100–3050 BCE) who succeeded him. One explanation for the Men's association with its predecessor and successor is that 'menes' is a respectable title meaning "one who" ends "and is not a personal name and is therefore used to refer to more than one king. Can be done for. The claim of unifying the land by military expedition is also disputed as the famous Narmer palette depicting a military victory is considered royal propaganda by some scholars. Maybe the country was first peacefully Have been united, but it does not seem so.

The geographical designation in ancient Egypt follows the direction of the Nile River and therefore Upper Egypt is the southern region and Lower Egypt is the northern region close to the Mediterranean Sea. Narmer palette ruled from the city of Heirakonopolis and then Memphis and Abydos. Trade greatly increased and expanded Mastaba tombs under rulers of the early dynastic period in Egypt, the pioneers of later pyramids developed into Egyptian burial practices that included increasingly elaborate mummification techniques.

Gods of Egyptians

A belief in the gods defined the Egyptian culture since the Predynastic period in Egypt (c. 6000 - c. 3150 BCE). An early Egyptian construction myth describes the god Atum who stood amidst the revolving chaos before the beginning of time and spoke of existential creation. The Atom was accompanied by the eternal force of Heka (magic), expressed in God Heka and by other spiritual forces that would animate the world. Heka was the dominant force that influenced the universe and caused all things to operate; It also allows for the central value of Egyptian culture: motherhood, harmony and balance.
All the gods and all their responsibilities went back to Ma'at and Heka. The sun rises and as it sets and the moon travels its course in the sky and the seasons come and go according to the balance and order that was possible due to these two agencies. Ma'at was also depicted as a deity, the goddess of the ostrich feather, which every king promised her full abilities and devotion to. The king was based on a myth in life with the god Horus and Osiris that became the most popular in Egyptian history.

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