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Monday, May 18, 2020

Ancient Egypt: One of the ancient civilization

You also know that "Egypt is a country in North Africa on the Mediterranean Sea, and home to one of the ancient civilizations on Earth". The name 'Egypt' comes from the Greek word which is Aegyptos . It was the Greek pronunciation of the ancient Egyptian 'Hwt-Ka-Ptah' (which means "Mansion of the Spirit of Pata"), originally the name of the city of Memphis. Memphis was the first capital of Egypt and a famous religious and trade center; Its high status is related to this name for the entire country by the Greeks.

Egyptian's life in Egypt

For the ancient Egyptians, their country was simply known as Kemet, meaning 'Black Land', hence the rich, dark soil on the banks of the Nile where the first settlements began. Later, the country was known as Misr which means 'country', a name currently used by Egyptians for their country. Egypt thrived as an independent nation for thousands of years (c. 8000 BCE to c. 30 B.C.E.), whose culture was noted for great cultural development in every field of human knowledge, from art to technology and religion. Ancient monuments that ancient Egypt still celebrates today reflect the depth and grandeur of Egyptian culture that influenced so many ancient civilizations, among them Greece and Rome.
One reason for the suffering fame of Egyptian culture is its accentuation on the magnificence of the human experience.  His great monuments, mausoleums, temples and artwork all celebrate life and stand as a reminder of what once was and what humans are able to achieve in their best form. Although ancient Egypt in popular culture is often associated with death and mortality rites, some of these also speak to people of age about what it means to be human and the power and purpose of remembrance.
For Egyptians, life on Earth was only one aspect of an eternal journey. The soul was immortal and was inhabiting a body in this physical plane only for some time. At the time of death, anyone will meet with judgment in the hall of truth, and if appropriate, will be transferred to an eternal paradise called The Field of Reads which was a mirror image of one's life on earth. When one had arrived at heaven one could live calmly in the organization of those one had cherished while on earth, including one's pets, in a similar neighborhood by a similar stream, underneath exactly the same trees one idea had been lost at death. This eternal life was available only to those who lived according to the will of the gods in the most appropriate place suited for such a goal: the land of Egypt.

History of Egypt and Agriculture

Egypt has a long history that goes beyond the written word, stories of gods, or monuments that have made the culture famous. Evidence of cattle overgrowth, on the land that is now the Sahara Desert, has been planted for about 8000 BCE. This evidence, along with the artifacts discovered, point towards the agricultural civilization thriving in the region at that time. Since the land was mostly still arid, hunter-gatherer nomads sought to cool the water source of the Nile Valley and began to settle there shortly before 6000 BCE.
Organized farming started in the area c. 6000 BCE and communities came to be known as Badri culture along the river. The industry flourished around the same time as the Abidos discovery was substantiated by the Faience Workshop. 5500 BC The Amratian, Georgian, and Naqda cultures (also known as Naqda I, Naqda II and Naqda III) after Baadarian, all contributed significantly to the development of Egyptian civilization. The written history of the land begins at some point between 3400 and 3200 BCE when the hieroglyphic script is developed by Cash Culture III. By 3500 BC the mummification of the dead was in the city of Hierconapolis and large stone tombs built in Abhayos. The city of Zois is recorded as being ancient by 3100–2181 BCE, as inscribed on the famous Palermo Stone. Like other cultures around the world, small agricultural communities became centralized and developed into large urban centers.

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